Lesson 7: Prepositions

Vocabulary:

a0na- up, again

a0nti- against, instead of

a0po- from, away from

dia- through, by (with genitive); because of (with accusative)

e0k- out of (before a word begining with a vowel = ex)

e0ij- into, unto

e0n- in, on (with locative); by (with instrumental)

e0pi- upon, on, at (with genitive); over (with locative); up to (with accusative)

kata- down from (with genitive); according to (with accusative)

meta- with (with genitive); after (with accusative)

para- from (with genitive); beside (with locative); along (with accusative)

peri- about, concerning (with genitive); about, around (with accusative)

pro- before

proj- at (with locative); to (with accusative)

sun- with, together with

u(per- over (with accusative)

u(po- by (agency) (with genitive); under (with accusative)

The first thing the student will notice is that some of the prepositions have different meanings when they occur with a particular case. These distincitions must be learned.

ASSIGNMENT: The vocabulary above must be memorized.

Prepositions are words that help nouns, verbs and adjectives express themselves clearly. Prepositions do not change in form, as do nouns, verbs and adjectives. The forms above are the forms that will always occur, with one small exception.

Prepositions ending with a vowel (except pro and peri) drop that vowel when the next word in the sentence begins with a vowel. For example:

a0po a0delfou becomes a0p a0delfou

dia h(mera becomes di h(mera, etc.

Note: Prepositions have shades of meaning that are not indicated above. The translator must be sensitive to the context to translate them correctly, as well as make liberal use of the lexicon.

ASSIGNMENT: Translate the following sentences:

1. o( a0postoloj didaskei e0n th| e0kklesia|

2. o( maqhthj legei parabolhn peri thj basileiaj

3. o( messiaj legei parabolhn e0n logoij a0lhqeiaj