Lesson 9: Present, Middle, Indicative


0ai0rw- I lift docazw- I glorify
a0postellw- I send as an emissary e0sqiw- I eat
bainw- I go krinw- I judge
katabainw- I go down sunagw- I gather together
a0nabainw- I go up

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary words above.

The present, middle, indicative is used to show that the subject is acting so as to participate in some way in the results of the action. This means that such verbs should be translated reflexively; i.e., o( a0nqrwpoj e0geiretai = the man is raising himself up.

Now, for the good news! The form of the present, middle, indicative is exactly the same as the present, passive, indicative.

So, the difference is function rather than form. The context of the passage will indicate whether the verb is middle or passive in function.

Since the student has already learned the form, the following table shows the function of the present, middle, indicative:

luomai- I loose for myself luomeqa- we loose for ourselves
luh|- you loose for yourself luesqe- you loose for yourselve
luetai- he looses for himself luontai- they loose for themselves

ASSIGNMENT: Translate the following sentences as present, middle, indicatives.

1. oi( a0nqrwpoi lambanontai a0rton kai karpon

2. krinetai e0n th| parabolh| tou profhton

3. oi( o0xloi e0sqiousin (note the -n on the end of this verb. This letter is called a moveable -n and it occurs quite frequently on the end of the 3rd person plural verb) a0rton kai o( messiaj docazetai