Lesson 13: Imperfect, Active, Indicative

Vocabulary:

a0poqnhskw- I kill nun- now
a0pokteinw- I kill, destroy e0ti- yet, still
dexomai- I receive ou0keti- no longer
e9toimazw- I prepare tote- then
qerapeuw- I heal skotia- darkness
pisteuw- I believe men....de - on the one hand .... on the other hand

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary words above.

The following is the conjugation of the imperfect, active, indicative of luw:

e0luon- I was loosing e0luomen- we were loosing
e0luej- you were loosing e0luete- you (pl) were loosing
e0lue- he, she, it was loosing e0luon- they were loosing

The e at the beginning of the word is called an augment, and it illustrates that this is a secondary tense that expresses past time. When a word begins with a vowel that vowel is lengthened thus:

a becomes h

e becomes h

o becomes w

For example:

a0kouw, becomes, in the imperfect, active, indicative, h0kouon and e0geirw becomes h0geiron, etc.

ASSIGNMENT: Learn the endings of the imperfect, active, indicative as indicated above.

These endings are added to the stem of the verb, and e is added as the augment (unless there is already a vowel beginning the word, in which case it is lengthened as demonstrated above).

The imperfect, active, indicative of ei0mi is as follows:

h0mhn - I was h0men - we were
h0j - you were h0te - you (pl) were
h0n - he, she, it was h0san - they were

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the imperfect of ei0mi above.

The imperfect tense is used to indicate continuous action in past time. I.E., "I am loosing" (present tense); "I was loosing" (imperfect tense).

ASSIGNMENT: Translate the sentences below:

1. ponhroi h0te, a0gaqoi de e0ste

2. o9 messiaj a0pestellen (note that when a preposition is attached to an imperfect verb, the prefix of the verb itself is changed, and not the preposition) a0ggelouj proj h9maj

3. e0n tw/ kosmw/ h0n kai o9 kosmoj ou0k e0ginwsken au0ton