Lesson 15: Future, Active and Middle, Indicative

Vocabulary:

a0cw- I shall lead genhsomai- I shall become
a0kousw- I shall hear gnwsomai- I shall know
bleyw- I shall see e0leusomai- I shall come, go
swsw- I shall save lhmyomai- I shall take

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary above.

The future active indicative of luw is:

lusw- I shall loose lusomen- we shall loose
luseij- you shall loose lusete- you shall loose
lusei - he, she, it shall loose lusousi- they shall loose

The future middle indicative of luw is:

lusomai- I shall loose myself lusomeqa- we shall loose ourselves
lush|- you shall loose yourself lusesqe- you shall loose yourself
lusetai- he shall loose himself lusontai- they shall loose themselves

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the future active and middle indicative forms above.

As the student can see, the future simply adds s to the stem of the verb, and the rest remains the same.

There are, unfortunately, exceptions to this simple rule which MUST be learned. They are as follows:

When a stem ends in-

l, m, n, or r, the s is dropped and the w is accented. I.e., mensw becomes menw.

k, g, or x before s becomes c; thus a0gw becomes a0cw.

p, b, or f become y. I.e, blepw becomes bleyw.

t, d, or q simply drop out. Thus peiqw becomes peisw.

There are other peculiarities which can best be learned in practice.

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the rules above.

The future, active, indicative of ei0mi is:

e0somai- I shall be e0someqa- we shall be
e0sh|- you shall be e0sesqe- you shall be
e0stai- he shall be e0sontai- they shall be

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the future of ei0mi, above, and translate the following sentences:

1. a(martwloi men e0ste genhsesqe de ui(oi tou qeou.

2. tote gnwsontai o(ti au0toj e0stin o( kurioj

3. lhmyesqe kai ta dwra kai touj oikouj

4. ai( h(merai ai( kakai e0leusontai

5. ei0 ponhroj all e0sh| a0gaqoj