Lesson 16: First Aorist, Active and Middle, Indicative

Vocabulary:

h0kousa- I heard e0graya- I wrote
e0bleya- I saw e0pemya- I sent
e0didaca- I taught e0baptisa- I baptized
e0qerapeusa- I healed e0swsa- I saved
e0khruca- I preached e0docasa- I glorified

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary above.

The First Aorist Active Indicative is a vn that is completed in the past. The vocabulary words above are all first aorist, active, indicatives, and the way they are translated are the way that all first aorist verbs are translated.

The form of the verb is obtained by doing the following:

1- add the augment e (as in the imperfect verb learned earlier; and all the same rules apply as there) to the stem of the verb

2- add the endings of the first aorist active indicative as shown below:

-sa -samen
-saj -sate
-se(n) -san

For example, if the stem is luw-

e0+lu+sa e0+lu+samen

e0+lu+saj e0+lu+sate

e0+lu+sen e0+lu+san

All of which would be translated - I was loosed, etc.

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the First Aorist Active Indicative endings above.

The first aorist middle indicative form is given below: (with the stem of luw)

e0lusamhn- I loosed myself e0lusameqa- we loosed ourselves
e0lusw- you loosed yourself e0lusasqe- you loosed yourself
e0lusato- he loosed himself e0lusanto- they loosed themselves

The student will note that the augment and the stem remain, as above; but the endings change. These first aorist middle indicative endings must be learned.

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the first aorist middle indicative endings above, and translate the following sentences:

1. e0lusen o( kurioj touj douloj au0tou

2. e0pemyamen ta tekna e0k tou oi0kou

3. oi( maqhtai e0docasan ton qeon kai ton ui(on au0tou