Lesson 17: 2nd Aorist Active and Middle Indicative

Vocabulary:

e0balon- I threw e0lipon- I left
ei0don- I saw e0paqon- I suffered
e0labon- I took pasxw- I suffer
h0gagon- I led e0peson- I fell
h0negkon- I brought e0fagon- I ate
e0scon- I had

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary above. The second aorist, like the first aorist, indicates completed action in the past. 2nd aorist verbs are very irregular, follow no particular pattern, and can only be recognized by the augment (as learned before) the unusual stem, and the endings.

The 2nd aorist active indicative endings are shown below:

-n -men
-j -te
-none ( or plain n) -n

The 2nd aorist middle endings are shown below:

-mhn -meqa
-ou -sqe
-to -nto

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the active and middle endings above. As the student can see, the 2nd aorist and the imperfect are identical in form. Only the context and the irregular stem can indicate whether the verb should be translated aorist or imperfect.

ASSIGNMENT: Translate the following sentences.

1. e0genonto oi( maqhtai tou kuriou

2. kai ei0domen ton kurion kai h0kousamen twn logwn au0tou

3. tauta ei0pete h(min e0n tw| i(erw| e0keina de e0n tw| oi0kw|