Lesson 19: Third Declension Nouns

Vocabulary:

ai0wn- eternal pathr- father
a0rxwn- ruler mhthr- mother
e0lpij- hope qugathr- daughter
nuc- night a0rxh- beginning
sarc- flesh a0ggelia- message
xarij- grace koinwnia- fellowship

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary above.

Third declension nouns are irregular. They have irregular stems and irregular endings. The endings below are those COMMONLY used; but there are many, many others. What the student must do, therefore, is learn these basic endings and then learn to recognize these nouns when they occur, and that will only happen with practice!

These are the normal endings of the third declension:

Singular

masc/fem neuter
Nom. -aj (or none) -none
Gen. -oj -oj
L.I.D. -i -i
Acc. -n or -a -none

Plural

masc/fem neuter
Nom -ej -a
Gen. -wn -wn
L.I.D. -si -si
Acc. -aj -a

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the normal 3rd declension noun endings above, and translate the following sentences:

1. e0lpida ou0k e0xomen o(ti ou0 ginwskomen ton kurion

2. o( logoj mou menei ei0j ton aiwna

(NOTE: the definite article which comes before the normining case, gender and number)

This lesson is not quite over, dear student. Please continue on from here with what follows.

Vocabulary:

a0nastasij- resurrection a(lieuj- fisherman
gnwsij- knowledge a0rxiereuj- high priest
dunamij- power basileuj- king
krisij- judgment grammateuj- scribe
pistij- faith i(ereuj- priest
polij- city i0xquj- fish
stasij- dissension staxuj- grain

ASSIGNENT: Memorize the vocabulary above and translate the following sentences:

1. e0swqhmen th| xariti dia pistewj

2. stasij e0n th| e0kklhsia| e0sti kakh

Vocabulary:

baqoj- depth ai(ma- blood
genoj- generation qelhma- will
e0qnoj- nation o0noma- name
e0qoj- custom pneuma- spirit, or Spirit, or wind
e0leoj- mercy r(hma- word
o0roj- mountain stoma- mouth
skotoj- darkness swma- body
teloj- completion u(dwr- water

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary above and translate the following sentences:

1. ginwskomen kai to qelhma kai thn a0gaphn tou qeou

2. e0gw men baptizw u(maj e0n u(dati, e0keinoj de baptisei u(maj e0n tw| pneumati