Lesson 22: Aorist Passive Participles

Vocabulary:

a(gioj- holy e0piqumia- lust, desire
loipoj- remaining sunagwgh- synagogue
makarioj- blessed swthria- salvation

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary words above.

The aorist passive participle of luw is:

Singular

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. luqeij luqeisa luqen
Gen. luqentoj luqeishj luqentoj
L.I.D. luqentiluqeish luqenti
Acc. luqenta luqeisan luqen

Plural

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. luqentej luqeisai luqenta
Gen. luqentwn luqeiswn luqentwn
L.I.D. luqeisi luqeisaij luqeisi
Acc. luqentaj luqeisaj luqenta

To form the aorist passive participle, simply add the endings to the stem. All the other rules for participles learned earlier also apply here, except that these participive voice and not the active or middle. That is, the subject is passive in the action of the verb.

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the tables above.

NOTE: One of the most frequent uses of the participle is what is called the "genitive absolute". A genitive absolute is a participle in the genitive case plus its noun or pronoun. These two words are independent of the main clause and thus are translated as independent clauses.

For example, a regular participial phrase is:

  • ei0pon tauta oi9 a0postoloi a0phlqon

  • "having said these things, the apostles went away".

A genitive absolute looks like this:

  • ei0pontwn tauta twn maqhtwn oi9 a0postoloi a0phlqon

  • "The disciples having said these things; the apostles went away".

The participle, you see, with its noun is "absolute"; that is, loosed or seperated from the main part of the sentence, and hence is in the genitive case. Practice will make this construction quite clear to recognize and translate.

ASSIGNMENT: Translate the sentences below:

1. e0pelqontoj tou a(giou pneumatoj e0p au0touj e0labon dunamin

2. makarioj e0stin o( i0dwn thn swthrian tou qeou