Lesson 27: Pronouns

We have already learned the personal pronouns and the demonstrative pronouns. he other kinds of Greek pronouns. All of these will be declined, just like all the other nouns and pronouns we have studied.

1- The relative pronoun, o9j, who, which, that.

Singular

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. o9j h9 o9
Gen. ou9 h9j ou9
L.I.D. w9 h9 w9
Acc. o9n h9n o9

Plural

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. oi9 ai9 a9
Gen. w9n w9n w9n
L.I.D. oi9j ai9j oi9j
Acc. ou9j a9j a9

(Notice that each of these has a rough breathing mark, which will distinguish them from the definite article already learned.).

As we learned in out study of the other nouns and pronouns, a noun or pronoun agrees in gender, case and number with the word it is referring to. Please remember this VERY important rule during this lesson as well.

2- The interrogative pronoun tij, who?, what?

Singular

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. tij tij ti
Gen. tinoj tinoj tinoj
L.I.D. tini tini tini
Acc. tina tina ti

Plural

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. tinej tinej tina
Gen. tinwntinwn tinwn
L.I.D. tisin tisin tisin
Acc. tinaj tinaj tina

3- The indefinite pronoun, tij, ti, someone, something. (same as above, accept no accent marks are used in the printed Greek text).

4- The indefinite relative pronoun o9stij, who. This pronoun occurs ONLY in the nominative case in the singular and plural.

Singular

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. o9stij h9tij o9ti

Plural

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nom. oi9tinej ai9tinej a9tina

5- The Reflexive pronouns.

First person, myself.

Singular

Masc. Fem.
Gen. e0mautou e0mauthj
L.I.D. e0mautw e0mauth
Acc. e0mauton e0mauthn

Plural

Masc. Fem.
Gen. e9autwn e9autwn
L.I.D. e9autoij e9autaij
Acc. e9autouj e9autaj

Second Person, yourself

Singular

Masc. Fem.
Gen. seautou seauthj
L.I.D. seautw seauth
Acc. seauton seauthn

Plural

Masc. Fem.
Gen. e9autwn e9autwn
L.I.D. e9autoij e9autaij
Acc. e9autouj e9autaj

Third Person, himself, herself, itself.

Singular

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Gen. e9autou e9authj e9autou
L.I.D. e9autw e9auth e9autw
Acc. e9auton e9authn e9auto

Plural

Masc. Fem. Neut.
Gen. e9autwn e9autwn e9autwn
L.I.D. e9autoij e9autaij e9autoij
Acc. e9autouj e9autaj e9auta

6- The reciprocal pronoun a0llhlwn, one another.

This occurs only in these three forms in the New Testament: a0llhlwn, a0llhloij, and a0llhlouj. In function it shows an interaction between two subjects. I.e., a0gapwmen a0llhlouj, "let us love one another", etc.

7- The possessive pronouns.

First person, e0moj,

Singular

Masc. Fem. Neut
Nom. e0moj e0mh e0mon
Gen. e0mou e0mhj e0mou
L.I.D. e0mw e0mh e0mw
Acc. e0mon e0mhn e0mon

Plural

Masc. Fem. Neut
Nom. e0moi e0mai e0ma
Gen. e0mwn e0mwn e0mwn
L.I.D. e0moij e0maij e0moij
Acc. e0mouj e0maj e0ma

The second person is soj, (masculine) sh, (feminine) and son (neuter) and is declined as the first person.

The third person is i0dioj (masculine), i0dia, (feminine) and i0dion (neuter) and is also declined as the first person.

The plurals are h9meteroj, -a, -on for the first person, and u9meteroj, -a, -on for the second person.

8- The Negative Pronouns.

ou0deij- no one, usually with the indicative mood.

mhdeij- usually with the other moods.

The negative pronoun occurs only in the singular, and both are easily recognized in every case, gender, and number.

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the paradigms above for the pronouns and translate I John 1:5-10.