Courses

The Adjective


Vocabulary


Adjectives

TranslationMasculineFeminine
goodbwO+ hbfwO+
bad(ra h(frf
nice, beautifulhpeyF hpfyF
big, large, greatlwOdgF% hlfwOdg:%
small, littleN+fqf hnf+fq;
old (persons)Nq'zF hnFq'z:
old (things)N#F$yf hnf#F$y:
youngry(icF hrfy(ic;
blackrwOx#f$ hrfwOx#;$
whiteNbflf hnfbfl;
holy#$wOdqf h#f$wOdq;

Nouns

yearhnF#f$
girlhd@fl;yA
family hxfp@f#;$mi
blessinghkfrfb@;
prophet )ybinF
lawhrfwOt@
housetyib@a
boydleye
treeC('
nameM#'$
lightrwO)

Prepositions


fromNmi
with (beings)M(i
withoutylib;@
tory#i$
upon, over, conserningl(a
under, instead oftxata@


The Adjective in Hebrew

First, let's make sure you understand what an adjective is. Adjectives are words that modify nouns. Here are some examples in English.

good dog
bad cow
ugly flower
disgusting shoe
slow rocket
empty socket

The adjective is the word that appears in italics. Notice that the adjective modifies the noun that comes after it, giving you some added details about the noun. Notice, too, that in English, adjectives precede the nouns they modify.

Adjectives in Hebrew perform the same task that they do in English, but there are some differences of style.


Number one:

The adjective comes after the noun it modifies.

Number two:

The adjective matches the noun it modifies in gender. That is, if the noun is masculine, then it takes a masculine adjective; if the noun is feminine, then the adjective must also be feminine.

Number three:

The adjective matches the noun it modifies in definiteness. That is, if the noun takes the definite article, then the adjective must also take the definite article.


Examples

bwO+ dleye a good boy
hbfwO+ hd@fl;yA a good girl
bwO+@ha dleye@ha the good boy
hbfwO+@ha hd@fl;yA@ha the good girl


Reading

Please read pages 44-46 in Biblical Hebrew Step-by-Step.

Exercises

1. Memorize the vocabulary.

2. Do the Exercises on page 46-48.