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Lesson 8 - More About Gender and Verbs


Vocabulary


Translation Hebrew
to give birth dlayF
to go out )cfyF
to go K7lahf
to know (dayF
to sit b#$ayF

Conjugation
Qal Participle

Singular

Translation Hebrew
I study, I am studying, I do study (m.) dm'wOl yni)j
I study, I am studying, I do study (f.) tdemewOl yni)j
You study, You are studying, you do study (m.) dm'wOl ht@f)a
You study, You are studying, you do study (f.) tdemewOl t@;)a
He studies, He is studying, He does study dm'wOl )w%h
She studies, She is studying, She does study tdemewOl )yhi

Plural

Translation Hebrew
We study, We are studying, We do study (m.) Mydim;wOl w%nx;na)j
We study, We are studying, We do study (f.) twOdm;wOl w%nx;na)j
You study, You are studying, You do study (m.) Mydim;wOl Mt@e)a
You study, You are studying, You do study (f.) twOdm;wOl Mt@e)a
They study, They are studying, They do study (m.) Mydim;wOl Mh'
They study, They are studying, They do study (f.) twOdm;wOl Nh'

The Participle As Mansoor points out, there is no present tense in Biblical Hebrew, though the participle will sometimes convey that sense. The above paradigm gives you some of the possible ways of converting the participle into equivalent English. Actual context will help you decide which is the best translation at any given point.

Further Information on Gender

Most nouns that end in either h f- or t- are feminine. Additionally, nouns that indicate females are obviously feminine, even if they do not end in he or tav, for example M)', mother.

There are some additional words, that although they do not appear feminine, are:

A. Nouns that denote parts of the body that come in pairs are usually feminine:

Translation Hebrew
hand dyF
footlgere
eyeNyi(j
earNze)o

B. The following body parts, though they do not come in pairs, nevertheless are feminine:

Translation Hebrew
finger(b@ac;)e
toothN#$'
rib(lfc'
boneMce(e
tongueNwO#$lf
bellyN+eb@e

C. Most body parts (see above for exceptions) that do not come in pairs, are masculine:

Translation Hebrew
mouthhp@e
head#$)ro
noseP)a
backbg%a

The word for breast d#$a is masculine, even though it is a body part that comes in pairs.


Reading

Please read pages 74-76 in Biblical Hebrew Step-by-Step.

Exercises

1. Memorize the Qal participle conjugation and all the vocabulary words above.

2. Do the Exercises on pages 76-78.