Courses

Lesson 10 - Demonstrative Pronouns and Adjectives


Vocabulary


Translation Hebrew
to hear (ma#$f
to take xqalf
to do, make )$#a(f
to send xla#$f
to forget xka#$f
to forgive xlasf
to read, call )raqf
this (m.) hze
this (f.) t)zo
these (m. or f.) hle)'
law hrfwOt@
work hkf)lfm;
people M(a
gift hxfn:mi

Grammar


The Demonstrative Pronoun and Adjective

The demonstrative pronoun has the function of focusing on something or pointing it out. In English, the demonstrative pronouns are:

Singular

this, that

Plural

these, those

The same words can also be used as demonstrative adjectives, where they will, like any adjective, add a bit of detail to the noun, specifying it and making it more notable. The demonstrative adjectives will also match the noun being so modified in number (and, in the case of Hebrew, of course, also they will match the gender).

Examples

Used as pronouns:

This is a good idea.
Where did he put these?

Used as adjectives:

This dog is hungry.
These children are quiet.

The Hebrew demonstrative pronouns and adjectives are:

this (masculine singular) hze
this (feminine singular) t)zo
these (masculine or feminine plural) hle)'

Reading

Please read pages 85-87 in Biblical Hebrew Step-by-Step.

Exercises

1. Memorize the vocabulary and paradigms.

2. Do the Exercises on pages 88-89.