Lesson 6: Nouns


hmat = butter

tat = ewe

mknt = place

rpum = shades

mrum = commanders

usb’ = finger

ksu = chair

mdbh = altar

sm = name

g = voice

p = mouth

s = herd

The Ugaritic noun distinguishes two genders, masculine and feminine; three numbers, singular, dual, and plural, and three cases, nominative, genitive and accusative; and two states, absolute and construct.

Masc. Sing. = no additional ending to the stem of the noun.

Fem. Sing. = -at or -t.

Dual = -ama (nom), -em (gen. and acc).

Masc. Pl. = -uma, (nom); -ima, (gen. and acc.)

Fem. Pl. = -atu (nom); -ati (gen. and acc.)

As in Hebrew and other Semitic languages, some nouns that are singular in form function as plurals. The translator must become context sensitive in order to determine this usage.

Likewise, the construct state occurs in Ugaritic as in Hebrew. In Ugaritic, nothing can be interposed between the construct and its genitive.

Ugaritic also makes use of the directive -h. As in Hebrew, when -h is affixed to the end of the noun, the translation must reflect ‘direction towards’. I.e., ‘arsh’ means “earthward”, etc.

Adjectives in Ugaritic is inflected like the noun; and agrees with its noun in gender, number, and case.

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary above as well as the noun forms in this lesson.