Lesson 10: Miscellaneous Particles

This lesson will consist of the particles that occur rather frequently in Ugaritic.

Coordinating Conjunctions

w = and

p= and

Either...or = u......u

There are several subordinating conjunctions. These are:

ahr = after

hlm = as soon as

hm = if

There are also particles of existence and non existence.

it = there is

in = there is not

The interrogatives are:

iy = where

ik = how, why

h = ?

lm = why

my = who

mh = what

There are also expressions of surprise:

hn = lo, behold!

hl = lo, behold!

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize these various particles and translate the following text: KTU 4.93.

The student has now learned the essentials of Ugaritic Grammar. To pursue further study one needs to investigate advanced grammar and syntax. The interested student can find bibliographic information about this in Segertís Grammar.